Calla Lily Growth Stages


Calla lily growth stages include dormancy, sprouting, blooming, and dormancy again, typically occurring in sequential order. Calla lilies will go through a period of dormancy during winter and will sprout in spring, producing lush green leaves.

As the plant matures, it will develop flower buds that will eventually bloom into beautiful calla lily flowers. After blooming, the plant will enter another dormant phase, preparing for the next growth cycle. Understanding the different stages of calla lily growth can help gardeners provide the necessary care and optimize the plant’s health and blooming potential.

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Calla Lily Growth Stages

Introduction To Calla Lily Growth Stages

Understanding The Lifecycle Of Calla Lilies

Calla lilies are elegant and graceful flowers that captivate with their unique shapes and vibrant colors. Understanding the growth stages of calla lilies is essential for any gardener or flower enthusiast. By knowing what to expect at each stage of their lifecycle, you can provide the optimum care and make the most of these stunning blooms.

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Let’s dive into the different growth stages of calla lilies:

Bulb Formation:

  • Calla lilies start their journey as bulbs that are planted in the ground.
  • The bulb acts as the storage organ for nutrients, fueling the growth and development of the plant.
  • During this stage, the bulb prepares itself to sprout and emerge above the soil.


  • After the winter dormancy period, calla lilies begin to sprout.
  • The first signs of growth appear as small shoots emerging from the soil.
  • These shoots develop into sturdy stems that will later bear the beautiful calla lily flowers.

Leaf Expansion:

  • As the plant continues to grow, the leaves start to unfurl and expand.
  • The leaves provide energy through photosynthesis, enabling the plant to thrive.
  • It is during this stage that the calla lily plant establishes a strong foundation for flower production.

Flower Development:

  • Once the plant has reached maturity, it enters the flower development stage.
  • Calla lilies produce distinctive blooms that vary in size, shape, and color.
  • The flowers develop on long stems, rising above the foliage in a captivating display.


  • The flowering stage is the highlight of the calla lily’s lifecycle.
  • The fully developed flowers open up, revealing their exquisite beauty.
  • Calla lilies are known for their elegant funnel-shaped blooms, which can last for several weeks.

Seed Production:

  • After the flowers have bloomed and faded, seed production may occur.
  • If pollination occurs, the flowers produce small berries containing seeds.
  • These seeds can be harvested and used for propagation, allowing you to expand your calla lily collection.

Importance Of Knowing The Growth Stages

Understanding the growth stages of calla lilies is crucial for several reasons:

  • Proper care: By knowing the growth stages, you can provide the appropriate care at each phase, including watering, fertilizing, and pruning, to ensure healthy growth and abundant flowering.
  • Timing: Knowing when to expect each stage helps you plan your garden and ensure a continuous blooming season. It allows you to anticipate and prepare for various stages of growth.
  • Identification: Recognizing the growth stages helps identify any abnormalities or issues that may arise. Early detection and intervention can prevent or mitigate potential problems.

Understanding the growth stages of calla lilies allows you to nurture these exquisite flowers with care and enjoy their beauty to the fullest. By following their lifecycle, you can create an enchanting garden filled with vibrant calla lily blooms.

Germination And Sprouting

The process of calla lily growth begins with germination and sprouting. This crucial stage sets the foundation for the plant’s development and eventual blooming. Let’s take a closer look at the key aspects of this growth phase:

Seed Preparation And Planting

To ensure successful germination and sprouting, proper seed preparation and planting techniques should be followed. Here are the essential steps:

  • Seed selection: Choose high-quality calla lily seeds to increase the chances of successful germination.
  • Pre-soaking: Soak the seeds in room temperature water for 24 hours before planting to promote faster germination.
  • Seed treatment: Optionally, apply a specific seed treatment solution to protect the seeds from diseases or pests.
  • Planting depth: Plant the seeds at a depth of about 1 inch to provide them with the necessary nutrients and moisture.

Factors Affecting Germination

Several factors can influence the germination process of calla lilies. Being aware of these factors helps optimize the conditions for successful sprouting. Here are the key considerations:

  • Temperature: Calla lilies thrive in temperatures between 65°f and 75°f (18°c – 24°c), providing the ideal environment for germination.
  • Light exposure: Calla lily seeds require indirect sunlight for germination. Avoid exposing them to direct sunlight as it may impede the process.
  • Moisture levels: Adequate moisture is essential for calla lily germination. Ensure the soil remains consistently moist, but not waterlogged, during this stage.
  • Soil type: Well-draining soil with a slightly acidic ph of 6.0 to 6.5 is optimal for calla lily germination.

Care And Maintenance During Sprouting

Once the seeds have germinated and sprouted, it’s essential to provide proper care to facilitate their growth. Here’s what you need to do:

  • Watering: Continue to maintain consistent soil moisture by regularly watering the sprouts. Avoid waterlogging, as it can lead to root rot.
  • Lighting: Place the sprouted calla lilies in an area with bright, indirect light to support healthy growth.
  • Temperature: Keep the temperature within the range of 65°f to 75°f (18°c – 24°c) to provide optimal growing conditions.
  • Fertilization: As the sprouts develop, introduce a balanced liquid fertilizer every two weeks to promote their growth.
  • Weed control: Regularly inspect the sprouted area for weed growth and remove any unwanted plants that may hinder the calla lilies’ development.

Remember, the germination and sprouting stage is critical for the growth and eventual blooming of calla lilies. By following proper seed preparation and planting techniques, considering key germination factors, and providing adequate care during sprouting, you can ensure the healthy progression of your calla lily plants.

Vegetative Growth

Calla lilies, with their elegant and graceful blooms, are a favorite among garden enthusiasts. To fully appreciate the beauty of these flowers, it is essential to understand their growth stages. In this section, we will explore the vegetative growth stage of calla lilies and discuss how to nurture these young plants, provide optimal growing conditions, and fulfill their nutrient requirements for robust growth.

Nurturing The Young Plant:

  • Provide well-draining soil: Calla lilies thrive in soil that allows excess water to flow away, preventing root rot and other issues.
  • Water consistently: Keep the soil evenly moist throughout the vegetative growth stage, without overwatering. This will support healthy root development.
  • Protect from extreme temperatures: Young calla lilies are sensitive to extreme heat or cold. Shield them from harsh weather conditions to encourage steady growth.
  • Eliminate weed competition: Regularly remove weeds around the plants to ensure they have access to all the necessary nutrients and sunlight.

Providing The Optimal Growing Conditions:

  • Choose the right location: Place calla lilies in an area that receives partial shade. They will benefit from sunlight in the morning and shade in the afternoon.
  • Provide adequate air circulation: Good airflow prevents the buildup of moisture, reducing the risk of diseases.
  • Consider container gardening: If you are growing calla lilies in containers, ensure they are large enough for the plant to grow and have proper drainage holes.
  • Protect from strong winds: Young calla lilies are delicate and can suffer damage from strong gusts of wind. Place them in a sheltered spot or use stakes for support.

Nutrient Requirements For Robust Growth:

  • Balanced fertilizer: Use a slow-release, balanced fertilizer during the vegetative growth stage. This will provide essential nutrients needed for healthy foliage development.
  • Nitrogen-rich fertilizer: Calla lilies benefit from higher nitrogen levels during this stage, as it promotes lush green foliage. Look for fertilizers with a higher first number in the n-p-k (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) ratio.
  • Follow manufacturer’s instructions: Always read and follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging to avoid over-fertilization, which can harm the plant’s growth.
  • Organic matter: Incorporate organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil before planting. This will enrich the soil and provide long-term nourishment.

During the vegetative growth stage, it is crucial to provide calla lilies with the care and attention they need to thrive. By nurturing the young plant, providing optimal growing conditions, and fulfilling their nutrient requirements, you can ensure robust growth and prepare them for the next stages of their life cycle.

Flowering Stage

Recognizing The Onset Of Flowering

  • The flowering stage of calla lilies is an exciting time as the plant transforms and showcases its beautiful blooms. Here’s how you can recognize when your calla lilies are ready to flower:
  • Look for the emergence of flower buds at the tip of the stems. These buds will gradually grow in size and develop into the stunning flowers that calla lilies are known for.
  • The color of the buds will start to change, indicating the approaching bloom. Depending on the variety, the buds may be green, yellow, or even a deep purple.
  • The buds will gradually open up, revealing the vibrant petals inside. This is a sign that your calla lilies have officially entered the flowering stage.

Caring For Blooming Calla Lilies

  • Once your calla lilies have started flowering, it’s important to provide them with the necessary care to ensure the blooms thrive and last as long as possible. Here are some essential tips for caring for blooming calla lilies:
  • Ensure your calla lilies receive ample sunlight. Provide them with a well-lit spot that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. This will help the flowers maintain their vibrant colors and prevent them from becoming weak and leggy.
  • Water the plants regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist. Be cautious not to overwater, as it can cause root rot. Aim to water deeply but infrequently, allowing the top inch of soil to dry out between watering sessions.
  • Apply a balanced fertilizer once every two weeks during the flowering stage to provide the necessary nutrients for strong and healthy blooms. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer package for the correct dosage.
  • Remove any spent flowers promptly to encourage continuous blooming and prevent the plant from wasting energy on seed production. Gently prune the faded blooms at their base using sharp, sterile pruning shears.
  • Protect your blooming calla lilies from extreme weather conditions. If it’s particularly hot or windy, consider providing some shade or a protective barrier to prevent the delicate flowers from getting damaged.

Extending The Flowering Period

  • If you’re eager to extend the blooming period of your calla lilies and enjoy their stunning flowers for a longer time, there are a few strategies you can employ:
  • Regularly deadhead your calla lilies by removing faded blooms. This encourages the plant to redirect its energy into producing new buds and flowers.
  • Mulch the soil around the plants to help retain moisture, regulate temperature, and suppress weed growth. Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as wood chips or straw, around the base of the plants, taking care to avoid covering the emerging buds or crowns.
  • Pay attention to the soil moisture levels and keep the plants well-watered, especially during dry periods. Adequate hydration is crucial to support continuous blooming.
  • Consider providing some shade during the hottest parts of the day, particularly if you live in a region with intense sunlight. This can help prevent the flowers from wilting or fading prematurely.
  • Regularly inspect your plants for any signs of pests or diseases. Promptly address any issues that arise to prevent them from affecting the overall health and longevity of your blooming calla lilies.

By following these tips and giving your calla lilies the attention they deserve during the flowering stage, you can enjoy a prolonged and vibrant display of these exquisite flowers in your garden.

Maintenance And Pruning

Calla Lily Growth Stages: Maintenance And Pruning

Taking care of your calla lilies is essential for their health and vitality. Regular maintenance and pruning are key aspects of keeping your plants thriving. By following proper watering techniques, monitoring for pests and diseases, as well as trimming and deadheading, you can ensure that your calla lilies continue to flourish.

Proper Watering Techniques:

  • Water your calla lilies deeply and thoroughly, ensuring the soil is evenly moist.
  • Allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again.
  • Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot and other diseases.
  • Ensure proper drainage to prevent water from pooling around the roots.

Monitoring For Pests And Diseases:

  • Regularly inspect your calla lilies for any signs of pests, such as aphids or spider mites.
  • Look out for common diseases like powdery mildew or bacterial soft rot.
  • Treat infestations or diseases promptly using organic measures or suitable pesticides.
  • Remove any infected or damaged foliage to prevent the spread of disease.

Trimming And Deadheading:

  • Trim off any yellowed or wilted leaves using clean and sharp gardening shears.
  • Deadhead spent blooms by cutting them back to the base of the stem.
  • Regular pruning encourages new growth and prevents the plant from becoming leggy.
  • Prune your calla lilies during their dormant period, usually in late fall or winter.

By following these maintenance and pruning practices, you can ensure the health and longevity of your calla lilies. Remember to provide them with the proper watering they need, monitor for pests and diseases diligently, and regularly trim and deadhead for continued growth and vibrancy.

Your efforts will be rewarded with beautiful and flourishing calla lilies in your garden.

Dormancy Period

Understanding The Dormancy Cycle:

  • Calla lilies, like many other plants, go through a dormancy period during which they rest and conserve energy for the upcoming growing season.
  • This cycle is an essential part of their growth and ensures their long-term health and vitality.
  • Understanding the dormancy cycle of calla lilies can help you provide the proper care they need during this period, ensuring their successful growth in the following seasons.
  • Here are some key points to help you grasp the concept of calla lily dormancy:

Preparing The Plant For Dormancy:

  • As fall approaches, calla lilies naturally begin to enter their dormancy phase.
  • Before the onset of dormancy, it is important to prepare the plant to ensure a smooth transition.
  • Start by reducing the frequency of watering gradually.
  • Allow the plant to dry out slightly between waterings, but be cautious not to let it become completely dry.
  • Remove any dead or yellowing leaves and stems, as they can promote rot and disease during dormancy.
  • Applying a slow-release fertilizer is beneficial, as it provides essential nutrients throughout the dormant period.
  • Once the preparation is complete, the calla lily is ready to enter its dormant phase.

Storing Calla Lilies During Dormant Phase:

  • During the dormancy period, it is best to store calla lilies indoors to protect them from harsh winter conditions.
  • Choose a cool and dry location where the temperature stays consistently above freezing.
  • To prevent the bulbs from drying out, place them in a container with a well-draining potting mix or vermiculite.
  • Ensure that the bulbs are not overcrowded and have enough space to breathe and develop.
  • Check the bulbs periodically during storage to make sure they remain firm and healthy.
  • Avoid overwatering, as excess moisture can lead to bulb rot.
  • When the dormancy period ends and the growing season approaches, it’s time to reintroduce the calla lilies to the outdoor environment.

Remember, understanding the dormancy cycle of calla lilies, preparing them for dormancy, and providing proper storage during this phase are vital for their overall health and successful growth. Following these guidelines will ensure that your calla lilies thrive and bring beauty to your garden year after year.

Propagation Methods

Calla lilies are beautiful flowering plants that go through distinct stages of growth. If you’re interested in propagating these elegant flowers, there are a few methods you can explore. In this section, we will explore three common propagation techniques: division, harvesting and storing bulbs, and seed propagation.

Each method offers its own advantages and can be a rewarding experience for garden enthusiasts. Let’s dive into the details.

Division As A Propagation Technique

  • Division is a popular method for propagating calla lilies, and it involves separating the plant into smaller sections. Here’s how it works:
  • Start by carefully digging up the mature calla lily plant, ensuring that you don’t damage the delicate roots.
  • Gently separate the rhizomes, or bulb-like structures, making sure that each section has at least one healthy shoot and a few roots.
  • Plant the divided sections in well-draining soil, ensuring that the shoots are above the surface.
  • Water the newly planted sections thoroughly and place them in a location with partial shade.
  • With proper care and attention, the divided sections will establish themselves and grow into vibrant calla lily plants.

Harvesting And Storing Bulbs

  • Harvesting and storing the bulbs allows you to propagate calla lilies and ensure their survival during unfavorable conditions. Here’s what you need to do:
  • Wait until the calla lily plant has finished flowering and the foliage begins to yellow and wither.
  • Carefully remove the bulbs from the soil, being cautious not to damage them.
  • Trim off any excess foliage and gently shake off loose soil.
  • Store the bulbs in a cool, dry place for several weeks to allow them to fully mature and go dormant.
  • Once the bulbs are adequately dormant, place them in a breathable container, such as a mesh bag or paper bag.
  • Store the bulbs in a cool, dark location with low humidity, such as a basement or refrigerator, until you’re ready to replant them.

Seed Propagation For New Plants

  • If you’re looking to start calla lilies from scratch, seed propagation is an option worth exploring. Here’s how it’s done:
  • Collect ripe calla lily seeds from the seed heads. These seed heads are typically green or yellow and can be found at the end of the flower stalks.
  • Prepare a seed-starting mix that’s light and well-draining, such as a combination of peat moss and perlite.
  • Sow the seeds on the surface of the seed-starting mix, gently pressing them in without covering them completely.
  • Mist the seeds with water to keep the soil consistently moist, but avoid overwatering.
  • Place the container in a warm location with indirect sunlight.
  • With patience and proper care, the seeds will germinate, and you can transplant the seedlings into individual pots or directly into your garden.

Propagation methods offer different ways to expand your collection of calla lilies or share their beauty with others. Whether you prefer division, harvesting and storing bulbs, or seed propagation, each technique allows you to participate in the lifecycle of these stunning plants.

Happy propagating!

Common Issues And Troubleshooting

Calla Lily Growth Stages: Common Issues And Troubleshooting

Calla lilies are elegant and stunning flowers that add a touch of beauty to any garden or indoor space. However, like any plant, they can encounter common issues that may hinder their growth and health. In this section, we will discuss some of the most common problems faced by calla lilies and provide helpful troubleshooting tips to ensure your plants thrive.

Identifying And Treating Common Problems:

  • Yellowing leaves:
  • Overwatering: Excessive watering can lead to yellowing leaves. Ensure proper drainage and allow the soil to dry out before watering again.
  • Underwatering: Inadequate watering can also cause yellow leaves. Make sure to water your calla lilies regularly, especially during hot weather.
  • Lack of sunlight: Insufficient exposure to sunlight can result in yellow leaves. Ensure your plants receive at least six hours of direct sunlight each day.
  • Rot:
  • Overwatering: Excessive moisture in the soil can cause root rot. Adjust your watering schedule to prevent waterlogged soil.
  • Poor drainage: Inadequate drainage can lead to stagnant water, increasing the risk of rot. Consider repotting your calla lilies in a well-draining soil mix.
  • Fungal infections: Fungal diseases like rhizoctonia can induce rot in calla lilies. Apply a fungicide appropriate for lilies to combat these infections.

Dealing With Yellowing Leaves Or Rot:

  • Examine the soil moisture: Check if the soil is too wet or too dry and adjust your watering accordingly. Remember to strike a balance to prevent both over and under watering.
  • Inspect drainage: Ensure proper drainage by using pots with drainage holes or adding pebbles at the bottom of the pot to enhance water flow.
  • Remove affected leaves: If you notice yellowing leaves or signs of rot, remove them promptly to prevent the spread of infection. Use clean scissors or shears to avoid further damage.
  • Adjust sunlight exposure: If your calla lilies are not receiving enough sunlight, try relocating them to a brighter spot. If they are exposed to direct sunlight for prolonged periods and experiencing leaf burn, move them to a partially shaded area.
  • Apply fungicides: If you suspect fungal infections, treat your calla lilies with an appropriate fungicide. Follow the instructions carefully and continue the treatments until the infection is eradicated.

Nutrient Deficiencies And Their Remedies:

  • Nitrogen deficiency:
  • Symptom: Yellowing leaves starting from the bottom.
  • Remedy: Apply a nitrogen-rich fertilizer to boost leaf growth and greenness.
  • Iron deficiency:
  • Symptom: Yellowing between veins, known as chlorosis.
  • Remedy: Treat with iron chelate or iron sulfate to replenish iron levels in the soil and promote healthy leaf color.
  • Phosphorus deficiency:
  • Symptom: Stunted growth and purplish discoloration on leaves.
  • Remedy: Use a phosphorus-containing fertilizer to encourage vigorous root development and overall plant growth.
  • Potassium deficiency:
  • Symptom: Yellowing leaf edges and weak stems.
  • Remedy: Apply a fertilizer high in potassium to improve plant vitality and resilience.

Remember, a well-nourished calla lily is more likely to resist common problems and thrive in its growth stages. Regular monitoring, proper care, and timely intervention will help keep your calla lilies healthy and flourishing.

Frequently Asked Questions Of Calla Lily Growth Stages

What Are The Different Stages Of Calla Lily Growth?

Calla lilies go through four main stages of growth: sprouting, foliage growth, flowering, and dormancy.

How Long Does It Take For A Calla Lily To Sprout?

Calla lilies usually take about 1 to 2 weeks to sprout after planting, depending on the temperature and growing conditions.

When Does A Calla Lily Start To Flower?

Calla lilies typically start to flower in late spring or early summer, around 8 to 12 weeks after sprouting, and they continue to flower throughout the season.

How Long Does A Calla Lily Bloom?

The blooming period of a calla lily usually lasts for about 6 to 8 weeks, providing beautiful and vibrant flowers during that time.

What Should I Do During The Dormant Stage Of A Calla Lily?

During the dormant stage, which usually occurs in fall and winter, it is important to stop watering the plant and allow it to rest. Remove any dead foliage and store the bulbs in a cool and dry place.


In this blog post, we have explored the fascinating growth stages of calla lilies. From their humble beginnings as dormant bulbs to the emergence of elegant leaves and dazzling blooms, the journey of a calla lily is a sight to behold.

Understanding these growth stages is key to caring for these beautiful flowers and ensuring their optimal health and vibrancy. We have learned about the importance of proper planting, watering, and fertilizing techniques, as well as the significance of providing adequate sunlight and temperature conditions.

By following these guidelines, you can enhance the growth and development of your calla lilies, allowing them to thrive and contribute to the beauty of your garden or indoor space. So, whether you are a seasoned gardener or a novice plant enthusiast, let your love for calla lilies bloom as you embark on this rewarding journey of nurturing these remarkable flowers.

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Amelia Clark

I'm Amelia Clark , a seasoned florist and gardening specialist with more than 15 years of practical expertise. Following the completion of my formal education, I dedicated myself to a flourishing career in floristry, acquiring extensive understanding of diverse flower species and their ideal cultivation requirements. Additionally, I possess exceptional skills as a writer and public speaker, having successfully published numerous works and delivered engaging presentations at various local garden clubs and conferences. Check our Social media Profiles: Facebook Page, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Youtube, Instagram Tumblr

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