Palms That Are Toxic to Dogs: Sago and Foxtail Treatment

For its beauty, adaptability, and little upkeep, many homeowners prefer palms for landscaping. Palms may be a lovely addition to your yard, but certain species are harmful to dogs. In this blog post, we will explore Which Palms Are Toxic to Dogs, the symptoms of poisoning, and how to keep your furry friends safe around these plants.

Which Palms Are Toxic to Dogs?

Palms that are toxic to dogs includes foxtail palm and the sago palm. Foxtail palm has seeds that can be harmful while every part of sago palm is poisonous and must not be ingested by any pet so avoid them going nearby to these palm trees.

What are Palm Trees?

Palm trees are monocotyledonous flowering plants of the order Arecales in the Arecaceae, or Palmae, family. Evergreen tropical and subtropical plants, they grow in rainforests and deserts. Over 2,500 palm species vary in size and form. Some are stemless shrubs, while others may reach 200 feet.

Palms are climbers, shrubs, trees, and stemless plants. Palm trees are tree-shaped. Palms are woody plants, not trees. One of the oldest fruit-bearing plants, palms can flourish in many climates.

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The needle palm is one of around 2500 Arecaceae palm plants. Palm palms provide palm oil, a popular cooking oil, and wine. They make thatch, baskets, furniture, and paper. Not all palm trees are coconut trees. The oil palm is another palm tree in the global limelight.

Palm trees have leaves and trunks. Palm tree fronds develop in a pattern. Pinnate palm leaves feature a primary stalk with several branching branches. Tropical-themed exhibitions and events employ fronds for adornment.

Sago Palm: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention.

Despite its widespread name, the sago palm is really a variety of cycad, one of the oldest plant families that dates back to prehistoric times. It is not a genuine palm tree. One of the planet’s oldest surviving species, these plants have been dated to more than 200 million years ago.

Depending on the environment, sago palms may be grown both inside and outdoors and need little maintenance. They thrive best in wet, well-draining soil that has a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5 and is somewhat acidic. Ideal soil is sandy, and it’s crucial to avoid waterlogging the soil since this might lead to root rot. These plants may become up to 12 feet broad and 8 feet tall, and they enjoy full or partial sun exposure.

Sago palms need very little upkeep when it comes to maintenance. It only has to be fertilized once or twice a year during the growth season since they are slow-growing plants. The plant should be watered frequently but not excessively, and pruning should be done in the spring to remove any dead or damaged fronds. Sago palms should not be kept near children or animals since they are poisonous to both people and animals if consumed.

Sago palms are either male or female, and until they begin to produce cones, it may be difficult to distinguish between the two. This is an intriguing fact about sago palms. Male sago palms generate smaller, cylindrical cones that release pollen, while female sago palms create larger, cone-shaped structures that hold seeds. The sago palm is not a self-pollinating plant, thus you will need both male and female plants if you wish to generate seeds. Let’s now discuss the key query around sago palm toxicity.


Depending on the intensity of the poisoning and the person’s susceptibility to the poisons, the symptoms of sago palm poisoning might vary. Depression, drooling, vomiting, and diarrhea may be the first indications of poisoning. Although these symptoms can seem insignificant, if they are addressed, more severe complications, such as neurological problems and liver failure, may appear. Weakness, a shaky stride, tremors, or seizures are examples of neurologic symptoms.

Call Poison Control at 1-800-222-1222 as soon as you have a sago palm poisoning suspicion to talk with a poison specialist. Poison Control may provide advice on what to do next and could suggest urging you to get help right away. It’s crucial to avoid inducing vomiting unless a doctor tells you to since doing so might worsen the issue.

Sago palms are poisonous when touched, therefore it’s necessary to use gloves while working closely with the plant and to properly wash your hands afterwards.

Take your pet to the veterinarian right away if you think they may have eaten sago palm. The death rate for dogs suffering from sago palm poisoning may vary from 32 to 50%, even with rigorous treatment options. Even though they might take up to 12 hours to manifest, symptoms can start to show up as quickly as 15 minutes after consumption.


Sago palm poisoning in dogs is often treated by making the animal vomit in order to clear the stomach of any leftover plant matter. Veterinarians may provide an injection such as apomorphine or, less often, hydrogen peroxide or ipecac to induce vomiting, according to WagWalking. The dog might also be given activated charcoal to help absorb any leftover toxins inside.

To aid in maintaining electrolyte balance and preventing dehydration, fluids may be infused intravenously or subcutaneously. According to VCAHospitals, a drug called N-acetylcysteine may reduce the likelihood of liver injury. To treat blood clotting issues, other drugs, including vitamin K, may be used. Activated charcoal may be given in a number of doses, with the initial dosage ideally comprising a cathartic.

The speed with which the dog is taken to the veterinarian and how much of the plant was consumed will determine how well the therapy goes. Early intervention is essential and may help the dog live. However, untreated symptoms may frequently be lethal and continue for more than a week.


The Austin Veterinary Emergency and Specialty Center claims that keeping dogs away from sago palms entirely is the only certain approach to avoid sago palm poisoning. This can include avoiding sago palms as indoor plants and making sure your dog is never left unsupervised near one if you have one in your yard. AVES advises against adding a sago palm to a house or yard if you have pets since it is more difficult to keep your dog from getting into touch with and perhaps eating outdoor sago palms.

Sago palms are poisonous in all forms, including the seeds and fronds, and even a tiny quantity may make dogs develop liver failure. Dogs that have eaten sago palms might experience vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, loss of appetite, convulsions, and even death. Therefore, it is crucial to call a vet right once if you think or know that your dog has eaten any sago palm parts.

The goal of treatment for canine sago palm poisoning is to get the poison out of the dog’s system as rapidly as possible. In addition to intensive treatment from a veterinarian, which may involve inducing vomiting or checking the stomach for undigested sago palm, activated charcoal may be used to absorb the poisons. If you suspect sago palm poisoning in your dog, you must act quickly and get him to the doctor. Early treatment may save a dog’s life.

Foxtail Palm: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Indigenous to Queensland, Australia, the foxtail palm (Wodyetia bifurcata) is a tropical, quick-growing tree species. It belongs to the Arecaceae family, often called the palm family. Due to its lush, thick, and fluffy fronds, which may reach lengths of up to 12 feet, the foxtail palm is a well-liked ornamental plant in frost-free areas (Zones 10–11). The smooth gray trunk of this palm tree, which comes in single- and multiple-trunk varieties, is topped with a brilliant green crownshaft, which supports a full head of fronds that resemble the tail of a fox.

The foxtail palm can grow in a variety of soil types, is drought-tolerant, disease-resistant, and favors a well-drained, slightly acidic soil. It can tolerate little shade but prefers full sun exposure and moderate watering. The foxtail palm is a tree that matures at around 12 years of age and may reach heights of up to 30 feet. It grows reasonably quickly. Let’s now discuss the crucial issue of the toxicity of foxtail palm.


Given that it contains a poisonous chemical that may be harmful to animals like dogs, the foxtail palm’s fruit is a particular source of worry. When mature, the orange-red fruit drops to the ground, and each one has a dangerous seed within. A variety of symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, bloody stools, nosebleeds, depression, and weakness, may be caused by foxtail palm poisoning.

It’s important to keep pets away from foxtail palm trees and to get them to the doctor right away if you think they may have consumed any of the plant’s parts. Ingestion of the poisonous toxin present in the foxtail palm’s fruit or seeds may swiftly result in serious organ damage and, in some circumstances, death.

Avoid growing foxtail palms in locations where kids or dogs play in order to prevent foxtail palm poisoning. Make sure to routinely gather any fruit that has fallen from your foxtail palm trees in your yard and dispose of it correctly. Additionally, it is advised to put on gloves and safety gear while handling the plant to prevent skin irritants or thorn-related puncture wounds.


Early decontamination and treatment reduce the likelihood of significant consequences in the treatment of Foxtail Palm poisoning. The veterinarian may induce vomiting, employ activated charcoal, or give the patient fluids to maintain essential functions if the plant ingestion occurs shortly after therapy. The patient may need more active treatment, such as hospitalization, intravenous fluids, or drugs to manage seizures or other symptoms, if they are suffering from severe symptoms including seizures, respiratory issues, or extreme gastrointestinal discomfort.

It is crucial to remove the plant from the area or limit the pet’s access to it in order to stop subsequent intake. To identify any difficulties early, it is essential to routinely check the pet’s vital signs, including heart rate, breathing rate, temperature, and blood pressure.

To keep dogs safe, it is essential to take preventative measures in addition to Foxtail Palm poisoning therapy. As part of this, it’s important to keep Foxtail Palms out of reach, limit pets’ access to outdoor spaces with poisonous plants, and educate pet owners about the possible dangers and signs of plant poisoning.


The foxtail palm’s fruit, leaves, and seeds are poisonous and should never be eaten since they have the potential to be lethal. It is preferable to pick up any fruit or seeds that have fallen to the ground and keep dogs and kids away from the plant to avoid accidental eating.

The foxtail palm may benefit from proper upkeep and care by being kept toxic-free. The soil should be a 2:1 potting mix with vermiculite and peat, and the plant should be maintained moderately wet. Overfertilization must be avoided since it might cause toxicity problems. It is advised to use a balanced palm fertilizer with a 3:1:3 NPK ratio and magnesium.

Ambrosia beetles, banana moths, and mealybugs are a few of the common pests that affect foxtail palms. Maintaining excellent cleanliness habits and avoiding overhead watering where feasible are crucial for preventing these pests from infesting the plant.

The foxtail palm is vulnerable to a number of illnesses and nutritional deficits in addition to concerns about toxicity. It is possible to treat a common case of boron shortage using water and Solubor or borax. By applying a well-balanced palm fertilizer, manganese toxicity, which may be a problem in certain soils, can be avoided.

Which Palms Are Toxic to Dogs
H. Zell, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons


I hope you find this article helpful “Which Palms Are Toxic to Dogs”. Palms are popular landscape plants that bring beauty and value. However, certain types may poison dogs, causing significant injury or death. You can protect your dog by learning about hazardous palms and keeping them away. If you believe your dog has eaten a hazardous plant, contact a veterinarian immediately. With knowledge and safeguards, you may enjoy palms in your landscape while keeping your pets safe.

UpNext: Read about the Pygmy Date Palm Care And Growing Guide

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Amelia Clark

I'm Amelia Clark , a seasoned florist and gardening specialist with more than 15 years of practical expertise. Following the completion of my formal education, I dedicated myself to a flourishing career in floristry, acquiring extensive understanding of diverse flower species and their ideal cultivation requirements. Additionally, I possess exceptional skills as a writer and public speaker, having successfully published numerous works and delivered engaging presentations at various local garden clubs and conferences. Check our Social media Profiles: Facebook Page, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Youtube, Instagram Tumblr

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