ZZ Plant Care Tips: How to Grow ZZ Plants Indoors

In this article, I will talk about everything related to ZZ plant, why it is named like this plant and origin and much more. Caring for these plants are moderate for beginner but for gardeners you may find it easy to do follow all caring aspects of zz plant.

What is the ZZ plant?

The ZZ plant, scientifically known as Zamioculcas zamiifolia, is an ancient plant with origins in arid Africa, where it thrives naturally outdoors. It was later discovered by Dutch nurseries in South Africa a few decades ago, who recognized its potential for propagation. In 1996, they began distributing the ZZ plant worldwide, leading to its widespread popularity in homes, offices, and hearts around the globe.

The ZZ plant’s rich history spans centuries, originating in arid regions of Africa where it flourishes in its natural habitat. It has garnered attention from plant enthusiasts worldwide due to its remarkable characteristics.

The appeal of the ZZ plant lies not only in its ability to adapt to various conditions but also in its striking appearance. It features glossy, dark green leaves composed of several pairs of leaflets, creating a unique feather-like pattern. This distinctive foliage adds an elegant touch to any space, making it a sought-after choice for interior decoration.

One of the most remarkable qualities of the ZZ plant is its adaptability to a wide range of environments. It thrives in low light conditions, making it ideal for offices and homes with limited access to natural sunlight. Additionally, the ZZ plant is highly drought-tolerant, capable of surviving extended periods without water. This resilience makes it a low-maintenance and forgiving houseplant.

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The ZZ plant’s resilience and durability make it an excellent option for both novice plant enthusiasts and busy individuals. It can tolerate neglect and has the ability to store water in its thick, fleshy rhizomes, enabling it to thrive in adverse conditions.

The ZZ plant has gained a reputation as a symbol of strength and endurance over the years, making it a popular gift choice. It is also known for its air-purifying properties, as it helps remove toxins and release oxygen, contributing to a healthier indoor environment.

Today, the ZZ plant has become a staple in indoor gardening, transcending its African origins. Its adaptability, beauty, and low-maintenance nature have made it a beloved addition to countless households, offices, and public spaces worldwide. Whether displayed in modern planters, traditional pots, or as part of lush green arrangements, the ZZ plant continues to captivate plant lovers and bring a touch of nature into urban environments.

Family Araceae
Type Perennial Plant
Native South Africa & Kenya
Height 3 to 4 ft. tall
Wide 3 ft. spreads
Lifespan 5-10 years
Fertilizer Balanced plant food 10-10-10, 20-20-20
Toxicity yes
Light requirement Indirect bright light
Water once in 2-3 weeks
Difficulty To Grow Moderate to easy
Soil Good draining, orchid bark & perlite can be added

Why is the ZZ plant so popular?

With its broad range of appealing, dark green leaves, the ZZ plant has many advantages for homes and offices. The ZZ plant condones neglect, is drought-resistant, and tolerates low-light conditions without a fuss. Its smooth, waxy leaves perspective sunlight and brightens spaces. ZZ grows slowly to a length and width of two to three feet, making it a plant monster that does not outgrow containers quickly.

The ZZ Plant is an easy-care houseplant. Aside from water and light levels, there was not much to consider; however, fertilizing every six months, or even months during the planting season, will provide additional adequate nutrition. If plant pests appear, treat them with weekly sprinklers of a natural pesticide like neem oil and regular plant wipe-downs. When it comes to soil, select a well-draining garden soil and supplement with perlite or lava rocks as needed to increase aeration.

There are multiple benefits of ZZ plant. check that as well.

Why is the ZZ plant poisonous?

One major disadvantage of the ZZ plant is that all parts of the plant are poisonous[1]. There were false rumors in the 2010s that the ZZ plant was so toxic that it caused cancer and was so scary that people had to wear gloves when handling it. What is the truth? It is poisonous but not carcinogenic. To avoid skin irritation, don’t eat it, keep it away from nibbling pets and overly peculiar children, and always wash your hands thoroughly.

Even though ingesting the leaves and sap can be toxic to humans and pets, simply hugging the plant will only cause small problems at best. However, it is critical to thoroughly wash your hands after touching the plant to ensure no residue or sap could irritate the skin, get into your eyes, or unintentionally end up in your mouth.

Some people believe that when trying to handle a ZZ plant, you must wear gloves. While not strictly necessary, it can be beneficial.

How do I care for a ZZ plant indoors?   

  • ZZ is the standard method for houseplant beginners, engrossed office workers, and brown thumbs because it is easy to care for. The ZZ plant, fortunately, doesn’t need any appropriate type of potting soil: any well-drained planting will do. When watering, apply an equitable liquid houseplant fertilizer once a month.
  • Place your ZZ plant in low to vibrant indirect light, and only water when completely dry. You can usually skip a watering or three…and it will still thrive. ZZ is also highly disease and insect-resistant. Prune away any branches that intrude into your space and get in the way. The plant may flower from mid-summer to early autumn, but the flowers are small and unappealing, making ZZ plants primarily foliage plants.
  • When caring for a ZZ, it is not necessary to consider humidity levels because they can handle average residential humidity and even slightly dry air. However, if you want to replicate the humidity levels it would experience in its native climate, aim for 40-50 percent humidity. Plants can be grouped to increase moisture or add a humidifier or pebble tray.

How to Grow ZZ Plants Indoors

Growing ZZ plants (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) indoors is a popular choice due to their glossy, dark green leaves and ability to thrive in low-light conditions. To successfully grow ZZ plants indoors, follow these steps:

  1. Choose the right location: ZZ plants prefer bright, indirect light, but they can also tolerate low-light conditions. Avoid placing them in direct sunlight as it may scorch their leaves. Opt for a spot that receives moderate to low light, such as a north-facing window or a few feet away from a bright window.
  2. Select the appropriate pot and soil: Use a well-draining pot with drainage holes to prevent water from pooling at the bottom. ZZ plants can adapt to various soil types, but a well-draining indoor potting mix is recommended. Be cautious with watering as overwatering can lead to root rot.
  3. Watering routine: ZZ plants have rhizomes, which are thick underground stems that store water. Water the plant when the top inch of soil feels dry. It is better to underwater than overwater as ZZ plants are more tolerant of drought than excessive moisture. Ensure the soil is well-drained, and remove any excess water from the saucer to prevent waterlogged roots.
  4. Temperature and humidity considerations: ZZ plants thrive in average room temperatures ranging from 65-75°F (18-24°C). They can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures but are sensitive to cold drafts. While ZZ plants can adapt to average indoor humidity levels, they can also tolerate drier air conditions.
  5. Fertilization: ZZ plants are not heavy feeders, so they do not require frequent fertilization. Apply a balanced, diluted houseplant fertilizer once a month during the growing season (spring and summer). Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging for the appropriate dosage and application.
  6. Pruning: ZZ plants have slow growth, so pruning requirements are usually minimal. Trim off any yellowed or damaged leaves by cutting them at the base. This will maintain the plant’s appearance and prevent the spread of diseases.
  7. Propagation methods: ZZ plants can be propagated through leaf cuttings or by dividing the rhizomes. For leaf cuttings, select a healthy leaf and cut it into sections, ensuring each section has a portion of the stem attached. Plant the cuttings in a well-draining potting mix and keep them slightly moist until new growth emerges.

By following these steps, you can successfully grow ZZ plants indoors and enjoy their lush foliage. Provide them with appropriate lighting, water them correctly, and maintain suitable temperature and humidity levels. With proper care, your ZZ plant will thrive and enhance the beauty of your indoor space.

How can I propagate a ZZ plant?

ZZ Plants do not require frequent watering because their root system, which glances like little lumpy potatoes under the dirt, retains water. Rhizomes may be visible poking up from the soil at the base of your plant. When you cut your ZZ Plant, it will sprout a new root system and origins. It’s cool, and it’s a successful experiment to do with children because they can see the new growth.

ZZ Plant

What temperature does a zz plant Prefer?

Zz plants can grow in warm temperature ranges between 60-84 degrees F. Do not put them in highly colder areas as they might freeze and die. I recommend that you avoid places which have below 55 degree F Temperature.

How big does a ZZ Plant get?

ZZ plants are slow grower houseplants that grow over 3-4 feet tall in height and 3 feet wide. The growth rate is low, that’s why it takes almost 5 to 6 years to reach that height. By Fertilizer every year and environmental conditions makes some plants grow faster & its growth rate may increase as they reach 6-7 inches per year which is good for plants like zz.


If we have a look over all the detailed information of the ZZ plant which we have written above it is quite clear that the ZZ plant is an easy care houseplant. There are not too many things to consider while having a ZZ plant in your house. Instead of all those qualities ZZ plant is poisonous but not carcinogenic. To avoid skin irritation, don’t eat it.

Want to know the meaning and symbolism of ZZ plant. Check out.

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Amelia Clark

I'm Amelia Clark , a seasoned florist and gardening specialist with more than 15 years of practical expertise. Following the completion of my formal education, I dedicated myself to a flourishing career in floristry, acquiring extensive understanding of diverse flower species and their ideal cultivation requirements. Additionally, I possess exceptional skills as a writer and public speaker, having successfully published numerous works and delivered engaging presentations at various local garden clubs and conferences. Check our Social media Profiles: Facebook Page, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Youtube, Instagram Tumblr

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