If you are searching for types of aloe plants then before that let me tell you they are hardy to zone 8 to 11 so anyone living in those locations can easily grow aloe. While it doesn’t limit to that because as a succulent they can tolerate different levels of temperature that’s why it is a good houseplant. Lets now find out about what are the popular varieties of aloe plants?
Types of aloe plant – The most common aloe plants are Barbadensis Miller, Crosby’s Prolific, Aloe Aculeata “Prickly Aloe”, Rubroviolacea, Aloe Albida “Grass Aloe”. Also there are some poisonous aloe plants that you should know about are Aloe elata, Aloe ballyi, Aloe ruspoliana and there are some aloe which you cannot eat like Aloe vera var.chinensis.
Aloe plant is already a popular houseplant because of the benefit it provides to skin and health. There are many varieties of aloe vera plant that have direct links to it or look similar to aloe plant.
Table of Contents
Types of Aloe Plant
The List is big so you can check the table below with 62 different aloe plants varieties while i cover the 32 types in details:
|S.No .||Aloe Plant Varieties|
|1||Van Balen’s Aloe (Aloe vanbalenii)|
|2||Aloe Barbifolia Mill.|
|3||Aloe Saponaria (Saponaria officinalis L.)|
|4||Tree Aloe (Aloe barberae)|
|5||Aloe Perrottetiana (Perrottetia perrottetiana)|
|6||Stinging Aloe (Aloe polyphylla var. aurantiaca Lam.)|
|8||ShortLeaf Aloe (Aloe brevifolia)|
|9||Aloe capitata var. quartziticola|
|10||Red Aloe (Aloe rubrobrunnescens Hochst. ex A. Rich.)|
|11||Guido Aloe (A. Guineense Retz.)|
|12||Aloe Cameronii (Aloe cameronii Aiton)|
|13||Tiger Tooth Aloe (Aloe saponaria Dunal)|
|14||Red Aloe (A. parviflora L.)|
|15||Aloe Mollis Miller|
|16||Aloe Petricola (Aloe petricola Baker)|
|17||Cape Aloe (Aloe ferox)|
|18||Thorny Aloe (Aloe spp.)|
|19||Malagasy Tree Aloe (Aloe vaombe)|
|20||Grass Aloe (Aloe striatula Willd.)|
|21||Sand Aloe (Aloe hereroensis)|
|22||Barbados Aloe (Aloe barbadensis)|
|23||Aloe Indica L.|
|24||Green Flowered Aloe (A. gerrardii F. Muell.)|
|25||Arabian Aloe (Aloe rubroviolacea)|
|26||Aloe Australis (Aloe australis Mill.)|
|27||Common Aloe (A. arborescens Burm.f.)|
|28||Aloe Barbadosensis Miller|
|29||Blue Aloe (Aloe brevibracteata Warb.)|
|30||Green Aloe (A. schweinfurthii Engl.)|
|31||Mountain Aloe (Aloe marlothii)|
|32||Yellow Aloe (A. arborescens Haw.)|
|33||Ultenhage Aloe (A. ulteriectum A. Chev.)|
|34||African Aloe (A. Africana Lam.)|
|35||White Aloe (Aloe nobilis L.)|
|36||Aloe Crosby’s Prolific Aloe (A. clypeolata)|
|37||Aloe Speciosa Miller|
|38||Snake Aloe (Aloe broomii)|
|39||Flexing Aloe (A. ferox Mill.)|
|40||Cape Speckled Aloe (Aloe microstigma)|
|41||Soap Aloe (Aloe maculata)|
|42||Aloe Plectranthi (Plectranthus scutellarioides)|
|43||Mauritius Aloe (A. elliptica Hook.f.)|
|44||Green Aloe (Aloe luzulifolia Sond.)|
|45||Aloe Polyphylla (Polyphyllus Africanus)|
|46||Spiral Aloe (A. gerrardii Baker f.)|
|47||Lace Aloe (A. filicaulis Schott)|
|48||Fan Aloe (Aloe plicatilis)|
|49||White Aloe (A. littoralis Boiss.)|
|50||Torch Plant (Aloe aristata)|
|51||Sunset Aloe (Aloe dichotoma Burm. f.)|
|52||Coral Aloe (Aloe striata)|
|53||Pink Flowered Aloe (Aloe perryana Baker)|
|54||French Aloe (A. ferox Miller)|
|55||Aloe Javanica Burm.f.|
|56||Aloe x principis|
|57||Aloe Barbata (Aloe barbata Mill.)|
|58||TiltHead Aloe (Aloe speciosa)|
|59||Sri Lankan Aloe (A. roxburghii Sond.)|
|60||Golden Toothed Aloe (Aloe nobilis)|
|61||Torch Aloe (Aloe arborescens)|
|62||Yellow Aloe (Aloe arborescens Miller)|
1 . Aloe Crosby’s Prolific
Aloe crosby’s prolific is a evergreen succulent that has long leaves with white teeth like spikes although the plant is green & it forms rosettes structure as well. The crosby’s prolific can grow over 11 inches all(14-29 inch) and can spread to 10-14 inches if given a large container to grow.
You should not care about watering because it can easily thrive for a few days without water. Only give water whenever it feels that your plant soil is dry.
They can be used in container pots, garden beds, and succulent gardens. They are also deer resistant & the flower blooms are in orange-red color. Protect the plant from direct sunlight because they do not prefer excessive light.
If you are growing Crosby’s Prolific in the garden, then make sure to take spacing of 23 inches(55-60cm) between each plant. This way it has space to spread.
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2 . Aloe Barbadensis Miller
The most common type of aloe plant is aloe barbadensis miller. Its scientific name is Aloe vera which has properties to heal burn skin and also to relieve heartburn, lower BP & improves overall health of the body according to Healthline. I even know many of the startups who are using plants like aloe to create face wash, creams that can work to heal the skin problem.
This barbadensis miller also has white spots in the middle and all over the green leaves. It does produce flowers that are yellow to red, & they are very similar to red hot poker plants.
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3 . Aloe broomii (Snake Aloe)
Aloe broomii is also an ornamental aloe which forms a circular structure that looks light green with the tips getting brownish. It has a very short stem & the leaves are about 1 feet long(25-30cm).
They are also one of the fastest growing aloe & reaching its full size in less than 6 years. Aloe broomii also prefer partial shade to shade but it is able to survive in full sun as well. The middle leaves may grow again and again with the outermost leaf becoming totally brown and dying off.
Once you start to grow your broomii it needs deep watering so the little roots get water properly & initial days of root development requires moist soil so that’s why it needs in-depth watering.
You can grow them in any soil but prefer to be grown in cacti and succulent with perlite mix. They are highly adaptable to the climatic conditions.
4 . Aloe Ciliaris
Aloe ciliaris is another type of aloe vera that has long leaves that are curl up, with that it also has small white spikes around the leaf. It is one of the plants that produces orange flowers which are cylindrical in shape, long, and grow in a bunch of stems. Aloe ciliaris is also known by the name climbing aloe because it grows fast. Anyone who wants an aloe which can produce curly leaves you can select this succulent variety. It can be grown indoors as well as outdoors. Outside it will surely attract more butterflies. It is an attractive plant which can be easily grown, managed by beginners and the plus point is you don’t need to stress over propagation because it is quite easy for aloe ciliaris.
One more thing, pruning should be done in these types of aloe plants because they can even come close to other parts although it’s not invasive. Use a sterilized pruning tool to do the aloe ciliaris trimming.
5 . Aloe Brevifolia
Aloe Brevifolia is great looking succulent that do has short leaves with the white hairs(spines) around the corners of the green leaf. It also forms a rosette; they are highly tolerable plants. Aloe brevifolia belong to the Asphodeloideae family & they are native to south africa. You can expect the height of this plant would be 1-2 feet tall and wide 1-2 feet. they requires full sun but you can also grow them in half shade half light area.
They are tolerant to deer and an ideal temperature to grow them is 55-70 degree F, & in winters it can support 25 degree F as well. Flowers are in red color and they bloom in fall or sometimes in winters.
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6 . Aloe Plicatilis
Aloe plicatilis is another aloe plant which has red flowers and it belongs to Aloeaceae family. They are native to South Africa, & mostly they found growing in full sun so yes it can tolerate the direct sunlight. With a lot of light exposure they become larger enough that’s why aloe plicatilis has height of 5-8 feet tall and width would be about 5-8 similar to its size. They are also deer tolerant & support temperatures about 20 degree and above in winters. Do not overwater them as they prefer low water.
Aloe plicatilis has fan-shaped leaves which I don’t have . That’s why it looks so unique. The edges seem to have an orange color while the leaves are light green. It attracts butterflies, birds as they have nectar in it.
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7 . Aloe Striata
Aloe striata is a beautiful looking succulent that appears to be a lotus -like structure opening of petals if you see it from the front. They have pale green levels forming a circular arrangement. It belongs to the Aloeaceae family and originated from South Africa. Flower seems to have orange to red color and the blossom can happen around late spring to fall. Sometimes in early fall we can see the aloe striata bloom.
It is about 2-3 feet tall and width is around 1-2 feet. They mostly prefer sunlight but you can still grow them in partial to shade area expect the growing to be slower. Aloe striata is deer tolerant and can tolerate temperatures up to 20-25 degree F.
8 . Aristaloe aristata (Lace Aloe)
It is one of the charming looking succulents in the aloe vera family. It has small white spikes on the whole dark green leaves of aristaloe aristata. They are fast growing succulents & can tolerate winters easily. With the charming beauty of its pink flowers they can manage to attract the hummingbirds and bees nearby. They are hardy to zone 8a. This plant has a height of 8inches (20cm) tall and can spread to 6 inch (15cm) or more if grown in large container pots. Also known by the name lace aloe or torch plant. It also forms rossotte & they prefer water just like any other succulent plant.
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9 . Aloe Marlothii
Aloe marlothii is also a succulent with the height up to 8- 10 feet tall. The plant has orange-red flowers just like red poker plants & the large leaves have tiny spines of red color. It can tolerate 25 degree F temperature in winters and they prefer full sun. When grown in an open area they can become larger with its older leaves moving sideways and the fresh ones to stand straight, making it a skirt for the thick trunk. Also known by the name mountain aloe and it belongs to the Asphodelaceae family.
10 . Aloe Microstigma
Also known by the name cape speckled aloe, it is eye catchy and succulent because of its look. While the plant has greenish leaves but with all the stress from the outside turns to red or brownish. They have small white dots and spines of red color on edges. Aloe microstigma can grow up to 20-23 inches (60-70 cm) tall and width around 20 inches (30-50cm). They once mature can reach up to 3 feet height (80-90 cm). It is also a succulent that comes from South africa.
11 . Aloe Ferox
It is a type of aloe vera plant that has one single-stemmed plant with all the leaves growing outside of it. They grow over 10 feet(2.5-3 m) tall and the leaves have a large size with this, there are reddish brown teeth’s of it. Aloe ferox is also known by the name bitter aloe and they belong to the Asphodelaceae family. Its flowers are in orange to red color & they grow more to bypass the leaves making it stand above 2-4feet from the leaves.
12 . Aloe Rubroviolacea
They are evergreen perennial succulents that attract hummingbirds. They can grow up to 2-3 feet tall (60-89cm) and width is about 5-6 feet(120-180cm) if grown outdoors with open space. They are originated from Yemen and saudi Arabia. It has also a circular structure with leaves curling at the top and some at bottom. It has spines which are red in color while the leaves are green but turns to purplish in exposure to sun. you can see the overall plant changes its color to more of reddish or purplish.
13 . Aloe Aculeata
It is also one of the types of aloe plants that is unique in terms of appearance which is having white spines all over the inverted cone shaped aloe. Aloe aculeata is also known by the name sekope, ngopanie and red hot poker aloe & it belongs to Asphodelaceae family. It has flowers that are orange-yellow color & it can tolerate many different climate conditions. These plants are mostly available in rocky areas and open desert, forests. They are native to South Africa particularly to Mozambique and zimbabwe. These succulents like partial shade but can be grown in full in a place where it doesn’t receive harsh sunlight after 12.
14 . Aloe Cameronii
Aloe cameronii is another variety similar to aloe vera which is popular, eye-catching because of its bright colorful foliage. These evergreen forms rosettes like structure and they may initially grow from green leaves then turn to reddish because it gets exposure to sunlight. Aloe cameronii can reach upto 1-2 feet tall(30-60 cm) and spreads about 3-4 feet (60-120cm) ; it depends on the container or garden space, water, sunlight and fertile soil. They can be suited for succulent gardens and rock gardens. You can place it in a full shade light area, best if you grow it in the garden. They are deer tolerant and can attract flies, beads, and hummingbirds.
15 . Aloe Maculata
Also known by the name zebra aloe, soap aloe and they belong to the Asphodelaceae family. They grow over 17 feet (42cm) and are about 24 inches(60cm). They can tolerate deers and are best suited for coastal gardens, beds and succulent gardens. They like moist soil that is well drained & it can tolerate dry days meaning living without water for a few days. It has green leaves having white dots all over it. Also the leaves have spikes also known as teeth of the soap aloe which protect it from the animals. They do produce flowers of orange color in late spring to early winters.
16 . Aloe Arborescens
Aloe Arborescens is a flowering succulent that originates from South Africa, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique. It has other names like candelabra aloe and krantz aloe. It has pure green leaves and has red colored flowers just like a red hot poker plant. It is over 6-8 feet(70-100 inches) tall and spreads about 6-8 feet the same. Wikipedia mentions that it can reach a tree-like size of over 9.8 feet(108 inches). The circular structure can be 18 inches wide and they are also deer resistant. It can tolerate the temperature 20-30 degree F, and generally they prefer sunlight but if you don’t have a direct light area then growing this in shade would also work, only the growth is slower in terms of other plants that are growing in full to partial sunlight. They require low water and soil should be moist to plant healthy growth.
17 . Aloe Hereroensis
The aloe hereroensis is a succulent and perennial type which has blue-green leaves that can become reddish in color if exposed to sunlight. These plants don’t have stems but the older plants seem to have short stems otherwise the plant is full of foliage. It can reach up to 1-2 feet tall and cann spreads to 2-3 feet(over 19 inches) if grown outdoors in open area. They like full sun and partial shade as well. Generally the flowers are in orange color & the plant is native to South West Africa. Watering requirement are low for this plant and you should only give water whenever it feels dry from the soil.
18 . Aloe Capitata Var. Quartzitic La
Aloe Capitata is also a type of aloe vera plant that is evergreen , perennial with a height of over 2-3 feet tall (24- 36 inches). These grow good enough that’s why it spreads to 18 inch (60-90 cm) easily in full sun or if grown in shade then it takes time for the plant to spread. It is deer resistant and these plants are best suited for succulent gardens, borders and beds. They have milky- blue foliage but if exposed to sun they may turn to purplish color. Aloe Capitata can tolerate frost and it can be grown many cold areas. They are easy to grow and care for, with that they also attract bees and birds to its flower nectar. They are grown in large containers for the garden. They are native to Madagascar and it has a 90 cm tall stalk for flowers.
19 . Aloe Petricola
Aloe petricola is a cacti-succulent plant that prefers to grow in full sunlight but of course you can grow it in partial shade as well. They are best suited for beds, patio, large containers and succulent gardens. They are evergreen perennials plants that have low water requirement and belong to aloes family. It is also known by the name stone aloe, and they have rosette like structures with blue-gray leaves with pointed tips. They also have spines on the edges as well as on the back of leaves on the middle. They turn reddish in sunlight from the tips to the whole leaf, otherwise they have green at the initial stage. It has flower similar to red hot poker plant but the color seems to have yellowish and red slowly it turns red.
Aloe petricola has a height of 18-24 inches (45-61 cm) tall and can spread about 2-3 feet (60-100 cm) so if you are growing a plant near to this succulent then leave a space of about 90cm(36 inch).
20 . Aloe Polyphylla
Aloe polyphylla is one of the beauties that has a spiral pattern which makes it good for making our garden more attractive. It is an evergreen succulent that has height over 1 feet (30 cm) and can become about 2 feet(60 cm). It has gray-green leaves which are highly compact to make a spiral rosette structure. It also has pale green spines on its edges and the tips of every leaf turns red due to the exposure of sun.
It is best suited for beds, borders, patio, succulent garden and rock garden. It also prefers full sun and if grown in container they requires low water so never overwater them. Although they are made to grow in gardens because of their structure. It does produce flowers in spring to summer but that doesn’t mean it will blossom next year because they rarely produce it just like aloe vera.
21 . Aloe africana
Aloe africana also known by the name spiny aloe and Uitenhage Aloe, is an aloe variety that grows over 6-8 feet tall and can be wide for about 2-4 feet. They have tree-like growth straight upwards with long green-bluish leaves. It has inverted cone shaped blooms just like red hot poker plants, with flowers growing in yellow to reddish or orange color. It also seems to be like an octopus from a long distance. The lower leaves that get old seem like shirts while the above part looks more like an octopus with long hands and legs. It has red spikes on the edge with equal margin. Aloe Africana belongs to Asphodelaceae and is native to South africa.
22 . Aloe principis
Most of the aloe species are common in shape and structure just like aloe principis. It is a perennial succulent that has height over 8 feet (270cm) while it can be wide for about 5-6 feet(100-180cm). They are suited for mediterranean gardens, rock gardens and beds and borders. They are native to south africa and it also has long leaves with pointed spines on the edges. generally the flowers are in orange color & you can expect the flower to bloom in late fall to early spring. The flower does have nectar in it so that is why it attracts many birds. They are low watering plants so do not overwater them with excess water.
23 . Aloe Nobilis
Also known by the name gold-tooth aloe are perennial succulent with the height of 24 inch(61 cm) tall & they can be wide for about 24 inch(61cm) same like the length. They are hardy to zone 9a & can handle the extreme heat just like its other aloe varieties. Aloe nobilis are easily poroopatted with offsets and can be watered whenever it feels dry. Its leaves can be green initially but with the sun exposure they turn to red color. These plants also attract hummingbirds and bees because of the nectar and beauty. The flower blossoms of aloe nobilis are reddish to orange in color.
24 . Aloe Vaombe
Aloe vaombe is another aloe variety that has long green leaves & it is a perennial evergreen succulent. It does has sharp white hairs on the edge and more like the leaves are curled inside. It can tolerate different climate conditions and can adjust to the over 30 degree F temperature area. They are 10-12 feet tall in height and the whole foliage is grown without any branches. They can be 4-5 feet wide and prefer full sun. aloe vaombe needs less water compared to other succulent aloe. These succulent do produce flowers of red and purplish color. Generally it winters or from late fall to early spring.
25 . Aloe andongensis
Aloe andongensis is a type of aloe vera plant that belongs to Asphodelaceae family. These are very unique all alone because it looks different just like grass or have you seen the leaves of onion, it is just like that. These plants can produce flowers all over the year and it is known by another named called grass aloe. They are found in the mountains of mozambique and zimbabwe. They look more like a grass type plant rather than a succulent but yes they can also tolerate much harsher climate conditions. It can reach to 25-30 cm tall in height.
26 . Aloe Albiflora
Aloe albiflora is another type of aloe plant that looks similar to aloe but have very thin long leaves. Seems like the leaves are narrow upward and from the bottom all the leaves emerge & create a rosette like structure. It has no more than 1 foot height and has 1-2 feet width. They like both environments. If you place it in sun or shade it can grow there easily. Aloe albiflora has low water requirements and it is native to Madagascar. They do blooms in white colored flower and mostly they may bloom in fall. It can also support over 30 degree F temperature. It can be suited for a succulent garden and beds.
27 . Aloe albida
Aloe albida is another aloe species of succulent that are dwarf. They do have flower blooms in white color that can blossom at the start of autumn. The leaves of aloe albida are unique as they look like blue and greenish in color, with that they form a rosette but leaves are very similar to onion leaves but they are more thin.
28 . Aloe comosa
Aloe comosa is another succulent that has leaves curved upwards & some old ones seems like skirt. It has one single thick stem with most foliage is growing just above from it. They do form rosette structure with spines on the edges of the leaves. Aloe comosa is also a flowering plant mainly originated from south Africa. Its leaves are just like blades with a length of 2 feet. It is also known by the name Clanwilliam Aloe & belongs to the Asphodelaceae family. Generally these plants blossom in the summer season and the whole plant can reach a height over 6 feet tall & many believe that they can grow more than that.
29 . Aloe Juvenna
They are beautiful aloe species which form a rosette like structure. These plants have short leaves with spines on the edges. They grow only 12 inch (30cm) tall and can spread to double of its height like 34-35 inches(61-62 cm). Aloe juvenna are hardy to zone 9a and can support minimum temperature of 20-25 degree F. They are mostly propagated by offsets and cuttings. You can grow this beautiful succulent in full sun or partial shade, they don’t mind growing any of this environment. You should note down one thing that whatever the climate according to that you need to give it water. They originated from Kenya & have red-purple flowers.
30 . Aloe Dorotheae
Aloe dorotheae is type of aloe vera plant that has short stem & rosotte structure. The leaves are large, bright and colorful. These plants has a height to less than 1 feet and can spread to 1-2 feet long. They like full sun and can grow in low maintenance. The leaves are generally yellowish to orange, but initially they are green but turn color based on the climate conditions. They do produce flowers that are in orange-reddish color. Aloe dorotheae are native to Tanzania and belong to Asphodeloideae, and it is also a perennial succulent plant that flowers.
31 . Aloe vanbaleniiAloe vanbalenii is another great succulent of aloe species which has leaves that curved upwards and the older ones curled downwards making octopus hands. These plants generally grow in full sun but can tolerate the shade as well(might lose the color in shade and stay green). It does have orange to red spines on the edges & the foliage color is also the same. Mostly the plant leaves curl, curve downwards which makes it unique from other aloe types.
32 . Aloe speciosa
Aloe speciosa is perennial succulent that has long leaves, newer foliage grows upwards while the older ones get down & make a skirt. It is a single stemmed plant with its leaves making a circular shape from its leaves. It has similar flowers just like the red hot poker plant with red-yellow-orangish color. The ideal temperature to grow aloe speciosa is 65-80 degree & they also survive above 40 degree F as well. It originated from the south African region particularly cape provinces. The height of this plant is 10 feet( 120 inches=304 cm) and with that leaf itself is over 35 inches long(90cm). the growth of plant makes it become wide for about 4-6 feet.
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Every species of aloe has its own benefit, so if you want to choose something, just check if it can grow in your location. Also its important that some people only wants to grow plants that look eye catching and goergous so they can select by checking the pictures of all plants. I hope you get the answer on “Types of Aloe Plants” and if you like to read more such article check below.