Ti Plant Benefits – Outdoor Care, Uses, Facts About Hawaiian

Hawaiian ti plant is a evergreen leafy plant , with broad cluster of leaves each having border with a Purple pinkish color, it also had this color in the middle of each leaf.

They are Very Unique and Exotic plants and are widely popular as a houseplant.

They even grow indoors and growing them is not that hard but new owner or people who are unaware of this can get some trouble that’s why i have explained every growing and caring tips you need to grow this amazing leafy ti plant.

Background Information

Ti Plant have many variety , Hawaiian is one of them and it has many common names including good luck plant, cabbage palm, tree of kings, dracaena, miracle plant , common dracaena , ti plant, palm lily etc.

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They come from the Asparagaceae Family , previous family name is Agavaceae which have approx more than 19 other species, Many were grown in Hawaii.

The Scientific name of this plant is Cordyline fruticosa and they were born in Eastern part of Asia but also found in Pacific islands and Australia as well.

These plants grow about 10 feet tall ( 120 inches) and spread 3-4 feet (36-48 inches) wide. Its Leaves are in clusters and the pattern it shows in such a way that each leaf is close to another leaf.

Ti plants Leaves are 1-2 feet(12-24 inches) long and 4-6  inches wide and its other varieties have small leaves, that way we can differentiate the variety easily.

Hawaiian Ti Plant

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(Cordyline fruticosa) How to Grow Hawaiian ti plant

How to Grow Hawaiian ti plant

To grow Hawaiian Ti plant , First you need to understand it shouldn’t be grown in conditions where temperature is below 49º F or (9 ºC), If you put them in where like this it may result in the plant getting pale.

Also You should Avoid Perlite in Soil Mixture As they can damage the Plant growth and This Perlite has fluoride which is not suitable for ti plants.

These Plants very well Flourish in Outdoor Shade or Partial Light but never direct sunlight and the great thing about Ti plant care is they are easy to maintain and grow & they proved their image as very excellent houseplants.

Here are steps on how to grow Hawaiian ti plant :


Hawaiian Ti Plants need fertilizer every 3-4 months and don’t over use the fertilizer as they get affected with the high amount of nitrogen in fertilizer .

Although they like Fertilizer which comes with high nitrogen but you should remember one thing “over dosage of anything” will affect its overall growth.

These plants have a strong stem but to make it  strong they require fertilizer and its large leaves also need nutrients to show that vibrant red purple color.

This plant needs an N-P-K fertilizer ratio of 1:1:1 as suggested in the document of University of Hawaii. In the rainy Season you might need to put more fertilizer on the plants to protect them from freezing. 

1 1 1 fertilizer

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These Ti plants are great when grown in indirect sunlight , they prefer filtered sunlight but not direct sunlight.

If you ever put them in bright light then they may get heat burn on the green leaves.

Its green leafed variety easily tolerates the bright sunlight but hawaiian ti plant hates to be in bright light.

The Best location for this plant is a Shade Area where only 2 hours of sunlight drop to its leaves will make it fulfill its daily requirement.


According to the University of Hawaii , these plants grow very well in temperatures between 65 to 95ºF (18.3 to 35ºC) , below 65ºF they will freeze so They like hot temperatures rather than cooler one.

In the Spring & Winter season,the leaves of the plant become bright green and look very Beautiful.

Hawaiian Ti Plant Flower 

Do you know Hawaiian ti plant Flower can be rarely seen, Many of Its Variety Either they grow Flower with or Without Sessile(Flower Attach Directly to Stem).

They have 6 Petals Fully open and one pistil with 6 yellow colored stamens, its flower grows in different colors yellow,lavender, white , pink are some of its colors.


These plants (Cordyline fruticosa) can easily tolerate drought conditions but only limited period of time.

People Usually spray Salts to prevent bugs for spoiling its leaves but they don’t like salt spraying on their leaves because this ti plant can’t resist to salt spray, they heavenly dislike it.

People Who lives in City where wind storm are common can purchase windbreaks as wind storms can easily damage the foliage of Hawaiian plants.

Buy – Hawaiian Ti Plant 

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They love Moist Soil which is acidic and well drained using fertilizer you can make it acidic.

They prefer Soil with 5.5 to 6.5 value.Also When its roots are deep down with fertile soil they grow much happier.


These ti plants love the rainy season and they grow much greener in that season.

In Dry Locations, These plant needed time to time sufficient amount of water so its growth else you will see its leaves getting pale with the yellowish foliage its the sign they are not given water.

With Cities having frequent rainfall , that time you should limit water and only give it once per week but always check if their Soil surface is dried or not.

Also SEE : String of Dolphins – How to Grow, Care, Propagate, Repot [Full Guide]

(Cordyline fruticosa) Hawaiian ti plant Care

These plants grow both indoors and outdoors , and don’t require much care and it will fulfill its daily needs with the location where it gets full day shade with 2 hours sunlight.

As many people get confused on how to care Hawaiian ti plant is you need put Hawaiian plants near the window with a filtering Shield like curtain so that it takes the daily requirement and also doesn’t get any burns on the leaves.

Low light Location is the excellent place where these plant can grow and flourish beautifully.

When Repotting You need to do it with care as the roots of this plant easily get spoiled because of small mistakes. Either You Change the Potting Soil or Shift it to a new pot.

They (Cordyline fruticosa) need extra care when doing this work. In hot areas they Drys more often so you should keep in check on the surface soil.

Top Soil is the indication to check whether the plant is thirsty of water.

Also if you see water is not getting dry then check the bottom pot holes sometimes the hard sand covers the hole , if this happens make sure to refresh the holes again.  

Also Read : Is Plumbago Poisonous to Humans – (With Full Details)

(Cordyline fruticosa) Hawaiian ti plant Pruning

Pruning is necessary for ti plant as some leaves may turn brown or yellow color meaning they will fade after sometime. Pruning is needed to limit its size and it is done to also make it disease free. These plants can get affected by Leaf spots and the only way to get rid of them is by removing the diseased foliage as soon as possible so that it cannot affect other plants. Trim if you see any ugly , overgrown  or lanky leaf.

So on how to prune Hawaiian ti plant is using Sterilized cutting tool and 6 inches is preferred length you should cut and not more than that and don’t worry they will grow again with more healthy leaves and stem. You will see shoots coming from the cut side and from lower stems , this is the way how to prune , make sure you do it with care.

Here are traditional techniques to Prune a Ti Plant :

Stem Cutting

Ti plant Stem Cutting is easy process for propagation and doesn’t take much time, you need to cut plant stem about 2 inch length(1 inch is preferred). They don’t require any rooting hormone to boost its root growth , this plant is stronger so it roots faster. Plant your cutting in a Good Fertile Soil mixture it includes peat moss , sand or vermiculite) and dig that stem to 3/4 part into the soil.

This Plant (Cordyline fruticosa) can be grown in both ways  i mean to say either vertically or horizontally both worked. Growing it vertically means you will see roots coming out from the bottom part and horizontally roots will be growing from the whole stem and further you can make multiple plants with that.

Water it so it gets some moisture to grow and place it somewhere there is Shade area but gets some filtered light. It may take time for roots to appear so be patient for 12-27 days.

It can show several leaves coming out of the stem after that it takes about 4-6 months for a plant to become mature.

If you want to grow this Hawaiian ti plant in water it can grow but you should be cutting longer stem this time with 5-6 inches length.

Take a transparent glass of plain water and put the bottom part of stem in 1 inch filled watered glass.This Water Needs to be changed every 2-3 days as this water will grow pathogens or organisms which are affect the roots of the plant.

Take fertilizer 20:10:20 ratio liquid plant food that is needed for plant nutrition. This will Make sure your Plant’s root system become robust(Stronger).

Once the root started to show rootlets this is the indication , transfer it to pot with Well Potting mixture  


You can get Seeds from Market or you can buy it online from here. If you have existing plant (Cordyline fruticosa) you can wait for plant to get bloom , once it blooms and fade you can take out berries from the plant. These berries will ripe and we get seeds, So plant this berries in a potting mixture and put them in deep about 2/4. Put this Pot in Shade area and water it also.

Make sure it gets proper water and moisture. Seeds germination will starts once the berry started to ripping.

Also To Skip this process of ripping you can lightly rub the berry and take out the seeds and then put it in the soil.

This method can also work but still this is a long process as seed germination takes time.

How to propagate

Also Read : Ti Plant Pruning : How to Prune Cordyline fruticosa (Full Method)

Ti Plant Benefits

Ti Plant Benefits

The Hawaiian Ti plant has been used for many centuries due to its healing properties and spiritual significance. Its benefits including aiding respiratory conditions, promoting relaxation, and warding off evil spirits. The versatility of the Ti plant continues to captivate people, making it a source of wonder and admiration.

A Natural Remedy for Respiratory Issues

The Ti plant offers notable medicinal benefits, particularly in treating respiratory conditions. Traditionally, the fragrant flowers of the Ti plant have been used to alleviate asthma symptoms. These blossoms contain compounds believed to have a soothing effect on the respiratory system, providing relief for individuals experiencing asthma attacks.

Additionally, the steam extracted from boiling young shoots and leaves of the Ti plant serves as a potent decongestant. Inhaling the steam helps clear nasal passages and relieve congestion, making it an effective natural remedy for respiratory ailments such as colds and sinus infections.

Promoting Relaxation and Healing

Apart from its respiratory benefits, the Ti plant also offers relaxation and healing properties. In traditional practices, the leaves of the Ti plant were used to aid in muscle and nerve relaxation. Boiling the green Ti leaves and preparing a drink was believed to provide relief from tension and muscle-related discomfort. This natural remedy was known for its calming effect on the body, promoting relaxation and overall well-being.

Furthermore, the Ti plant played a role in facilitating the healing process. Warm stones wrapped with Ti leaves were used as hot packs applied to injured areas of the body. The heat emitted from the stones, combined with the therapeutic properties of the Ti plant, helped alleviate pain and promote healing.

Cultural and Spiritual Significance

Beyond its medicinal uses, the Ti plant holds significant cultural and spiritual value. In Hawaiian culture, Ti leaves are considered sacred to Lono, the Hawaiian God of fertility, and Laka, the Goddess of Hula. These leaves are used in religious ceremonies and by Kahuna priests to ward off evil spirits and invite positive energy. Many Hawaiians believe that having Ti plants around brings good luck and protects against negative influences.

Ti leaves also find practical applications in Hawaiian customs. They are used as natural wrappers for gifts and food, adding an aesthetic touch to traditional ceremonies. Additionally, Ti leaves have been woven together to create hula skirts, symbolizing Hawaiian culture and dance.

Uses of Ti Plant


Medicinal Benefits

The ti plant has been highly valued by traditional healers for its wide range of medicinal properties & benefits. Its leaves possess anti-inflammatory characteristics, making them valuable in the treatment of various inflammatory conditions. The ti plant has been used to address ailments such as hemorrhoids, ulcers, asthma, and infectious diseases. Additionally, the leaves have been utilized to alleviate coughs and dysentery.

One notable traditional remedy involves boiling fresh ti leaves to create a beverage that promotes muscle and nerve relaxation. This elixir is consumed to relieve tension and induce a sense of calmness. Moreover, the steam produced from boiling the young shoots and leaves of the plant acts as a potent decongestant, providing relief from respiratory ailments.

Practical Applications

Apart from its benefits to medicinal properties, the ti plant also has practical uses. Its sturdy, wide leaves have been used as natural food wrappers, replacing modern alternatives. These leaves excel at preserving the freshness and flavor of food, making them ideal for cooking and serving. Additionally, they are utilized as liners for dishes, ensuring a hygienic and visually appealing dining experience.

The versatility of the ti plant extends beyond culinary applications. Its leaves have been skillfully woven into clothing, hula skirts, and rain capes, providing protection against the elements. The strong fibers of the plant have also been employed to create ropes, sandals, and fishing nets, showcasing the resourcefulness of local communities.

Furthermore, the ti plant has found utility in construction practices. Thatch roofs, known for their durability and insulating properties, have been crafted using ti plant leaves. These roofs offer shelter and protection from the tropical climate, ensuring a comfortable living environment. The leaves have also been fashioned into serving plates and cups, adding a touch of natural elegance to communal gatherings.

Cultural Significance

Beyond its practicality, the ti plant holds cultural significance in the South Pacific. Its leaves are used to wrap gifts, symbolizing respect and appreciation. This traditional practice enhances the presentation of gifts and adds a natural element of beauty. Moreover, the ti plant plays a role in traditional ceremonies and rituals, highlighting its importance in the cultural tapestry of the region.

Nutritional Value

In addition to its practical and cultural significance, the ti plant offers nutritional benefits. It is rich in vitamins A and C, essential nutrients that support overall health and bolster the immune system. These vitamins play a vital role in maintaining healthy skin, promoting good vision, and strengthening the body’s defenses against infections. Incorporating ti plant leaves or extracts into one’s diet can contribute to a well-rounded and nourishing meal plan.

Ornamental Purposes

Alongside its functional uses, the ti plant is cultivated for its ornamental appeal. With its vibrant and variegated foliage, the plant adds a touch of tropical beauty to gardens, landscapes, and indoor spaces. The attractive leaves and architectural form of the ti plant make it a popular choice for enhancing the aesthetic allure of various settings.

Ti plant Facts


Here are some facts about the Ti plant:

  • Native to Asia, Australia, and a few Pacific islands, the ti plant is a tropical plant.
  • Early Polynesians carried it to the Hawaiian islands, where it fulfilled a variety of functions, including supplying food, medicine, shelter, clothing, and spiritual significance.
  • The Ti plant is a tropical tree or shrub in the asparagus family and is a member of the genus Cordyline.
  • Long leaves of this plant are used for making garments, roofing material, and decorative plants.
  • The Ti plant has been used as a decongestant and for therapeutic purposes, including the treatment of asthma.
  • The Ti plant is utilized in mysticism in Austronesian culture and is said to ward off bad spirits from dwellings.
  • Lono, a Hawaiian deity, and Laka, the goddess of hula, consider it to be holy.
  • The Ti plant comes in many different types, including the Hawaiian Ti plant, also referred to as the miraculous plant, miracle plant, cabbage palm, tree of kings, dracaena, and palm lily.
  • The Ti plant benefits such as therapeutic properties for a number of diseases and may enhance mental health when cultivated in a suitable environment.
  • The Ti plant requires little maintenance and prefers outside shade or dim light over full sunshine.

Most Search Questions

Hawaiian Ti plant brown leaves

According to Penn State University, Using water which has over 0.25 ppm fluoride ,Hawaiian ti plant problem can be solved using distilled water(which doesn’t have salt), another is check the Soil pH value it should be 6 to 6.5 and do not mix perlite in the potting mixture as it contain fluoride. There is also one more reason which is over watering. Make sure before watering you should check if the soil is dry or not.

Fungal infection is also a reason for leaves to get spots and this is also connected with overwatering which results in root getting rot, This problem is harsh as it makes the plant fade first then kill it. Maintain watering and drainage issue can solve this.

Spider mites are also the main cause of concern as they suck the juice from sap and green and make the plant lose its color. Making them brown , yellow or distorted. This Problem can be solved using fungicide. Same as mites , Thrips also absorb the juicy sap and leaves might get some scars and look pale, These 2 infest and reduce plant overall growth. I have suggested the best insecticide, miticide and fungicide all in one in the sidebar of this website.

Hawaiian Ti plant care outdoors

Outside Hawaiian ti plant – Caring is easy if grown outdoors but in case of warm Place where sun is harsh, You might need to shift this Hawaiian Ti plant location to some partial shade. Yes they can tolerate heat but these dislikes dry climate and they loves to grow in moist soil but not soggy. If you want them to be green and thrive better than filtered light is what you need to shift them. What you can do is Place them Below Big Trees they can grow.

Also Read : China Doll Plant – How to Care, Benefits, Propagation, Pests

Hawaiian Ti plant poisonous to dogs

According to ASPCA, Hawaiian Ti plant is toxic to both dogs and cats , Eating can lead to hypersalivation, Vomiting(Also with blood) and even dilated pupils in cats.

Make sure to Keep your pets far from this plant as this is poisonous. If anyone eats this Call your nearest pet helpline number to get instant consultation.

Hawaiian ti plant fertilizer

According to the University of Hawaii , This plant should get fertilizer of 1:1:1 Ratio of N-P-K. This can provide all the nutrients it needs to grow in the growing season, It can be sprayed in every 3-4 months time.

This Hawaiian Ti plant can grow better in high nitrogen based fertilizer and This liquid spray can be applied more often in rainy season.

Also Read : Weeping Cherry Tree – Grow, Care, Fertilizer, Pruning, Facts, Types

Florida ti plant

Popular in florida Cordyline fruticosa or Ti plant can be grown in florida have such a bright green color and when matured it shows pink colored foliage. Ti plant are broad leaf structure is very garden friendly. this can be used in various landscapes and gardening locations.

Ti plants for sale

This plant is on the sale in various website some website i have suggested here, you can buy it  – check price in . Nowadays ti plants can get stock out because of its popularity, So make sure buy it before the end of the sale.

Hawaiian ti red sister

This is also known by the name Cordyline terminalis “Red Sister ” and this is one of the popular varieties of Hawaiian ti plant. It adds hot pink color to any landscape and it slightly looks Red in bright light. This plant has USDA hardiness zones 10b to 11 and maximum times it grows outdoors.

This variety of ti plant loves bright light and needs at least 2-3 feet of space for its growth.It can also grow in both indoors and outdoors and they like moist soil so watering is also a bigger need in this plant.

Hawaiian leaf plant

This has broad leafy structure and it can look more bright in daylight, its colors flourish more and if they grow inline it can make the landscape more beautiful. Hawaiian Leaf plant is has bigger leaves than its other variety.

Cordyline fruticosa care indoors

Its care requires pruning and better water facility and these plants hate salt so don’t spray any salt or even give normal salty tap water.

If by chance you give them that water ,cordyline fruticosa leaves will turn brown and eventually fade. This can affect its overall growth , so care for them and indoors or outdoors you have both options to grow them.

Morning sunshine ti plant 

This plant is one such variety which can grow in partial sun and shade as well, This planet discovered in Southeast Asia and New Guinea and grows about 6 inches high.

With the name Sunshine Morning , this plant shows very bright sunrise shades in various colors including green ,orange , yellow that makes it more beautiful and stunning when it shows its foliage.

Water requirements are Moderate but don’t over water them. Its Flower can be seen with purple color with star like shape and they also grow in clusters of flowers.

Also Read : Orange Star Flower, Care, Propagation, Pruning[Detailed Guide]

Maria ti plant

This Maria plant is a variety of Ti plant, they also show bright foliage and the color changes to other colors in different seasons like they grow with maroon color and inside they have pink patterns. Soon after months they show beautiful flamingo pink color which is quite vibrant.

They look Stunning when they are planted in a Line or Landscape like sideways they have very bright foliage which makes them different from other varieties. It grows about 5 feet and this one also grows both indoors and outdoors.

They are also very easy to maintain and can very much adjust to watering needs.

The USDA hardiness zones are 9b to 11 and in PATIO it’s 4a to 11 , they want moist soil so they never forget to water.

Images of Hawaiian ti plant

I have exactly 5 images of Hawaiian ti plants and by seeing these images we can consider buying , you can even use them to show your friends as well.

Landscaping with ti plants

When we talk about Landscaping These ti plants can be grown in any landscape or garden , or sideways , road side, side walkways, near door side, backyard etc.  

Ti leaf plant for sale near me

People are interested in buying these plants as this plant has many things which makes them impressed with it. Ti leaf plant are colorful and bright , sale near me location won’t find that as they are out of stock most of the time,

you need to buy it from online as there is no other way to purchase it using offline method.

Ti plants home depot

People who want to purchase this plant from home depot but they literally have no stock and the only option we get is to purchase this plant using online websites.

How often to water ti leaf plant

You Should Water on ti leaf plant whenever it feels dry, Make a note on how often it dries, If you place them in Full sun then Regular watering needed, and Shade area they may need in 3-5 days make sure water should go on deep soil ,

They hate drought so keep them moist.

How to revive a ti plant

To revive ti plant check soil if Soggy Then Place It Near Partial Sun area. Make plant leaves wet by watering spray. Ti plant get water Once every 2-3 days would make to regain its strength and become healthy. Maintain consistency for 2 weeks and see if it works or not.

Ti plant yellow leaves

Heavy watering can make an issue turning the plant leaves yellow from tips to edges. When Soil is Dry for days, the leaves may drop after changing color to yellowish. Make sure to check the soil surface or near the root area if it is moist or not,

else give them water immediately.

Dwarf ti plant

It is also known as Fairchild Red – Dwarf, This one looks exactly the same size and shape , Pinkish color on the edges of leaves , and when leaves die it turns full pink. Caring is same like they love bright light and

make sure not to put them on direct sunlight as the dwarf variety hates sun exposure. Always Give them water when the top 1 inch gets dry , water can be given one time in 3 days. Once Growing season starts, give them fertilizer.

They are Winter Haters so highly disliked cold air , keeping them in warm places.

Also SEE : Gold Mop Cypress – How to Propagate, Pruning, Care [Step By Step]


Is Hawaiian ti plant poisonous?

Yes According to ASPCA, It is poisonous to both cats and dogs and the symptoms are generally Dilated pupils , depression, Vomiting , Hyper salivation etc. A toxin named Saponins which is harmful to animals , Make sure your pets don’t come near this Hawaiian ti plant. 

How do you plant a Hawaiian ti plant?

Planting ti plant is easy and you need good soil mixture with high nitrogen dip the seeds or cutting in 2/4 or 1/4 deep in the soil , Make sure your Hawaiian plant should get only distilled water as other water which has salt in it can

affect this plant and can lead to brown leaves.

How fast do Hawaiian ti plants grow?

For Seed germination Hawaiian ti plants can take around 2-4 weeks time and once they grow seedlings it can take around  4-6 months to properly grow and mature to become a large plant. This Plant propagation is very easy and this plant can make multiple

new plants with its cutting of 1-2 inches stem.  

Why is my Hawaiian ti plant dying?

This can be an issue with watering as they are getting water which contains high amounts of fluoride that lead to plant leaves getting brown then eventually the plant starts dying, Hawaiian ti plants can be saved using distilled water and make sure not to over water also.

Use Soil without perlite as this also have fluoride.

Is Hawaiian ti plant perennial?

Perennial in plant means those plants which last for longer time or infinite time that continuously growing it can also means that those plant which are endlessly propagated and grown without much of a care, Hawaiian ti plant is one such plant with its stem we can make

multiple new plants through propagation. 


This Plant Look Wise Very attractive , Also with your existing plant you can propagate it to multiple times, regrow it that’s the beauty of this plant. This ti plant also has very little maintenance demand so it’s easy to care for. Only Care is watering else No high demand. Beautiful colorful leaves shines what else you need.

Also Read :

Bleeding Heart VineGrow , Care, Propagate, Prune [Full Guide]

Sugar Baby Watermelon – What’s Special in This Variety [Growing Guide]





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Amelia Clark

I'm Amelia Clark , a seasoned florist and gardening specialist with more than 15 years of practical expertise. Following the completion of my formal education, I dedicated myself to a flourishing career in floristry, acquiring extensive understanding of diverse flower species and their ideal cultivation requirements. Additionally, I possess exceptional skills as a writer and public speaker, having successfully published numerous works and delivered engaging presentations at various local garden clubs and conferences. Check our Social media Profiles: Facebook Page, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Youtube, Instagram Tumblr

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